U0109 code — how to fix error fast
Deciphering the U0109 code can make a world of difference. Learn how to respond to it effectively.
There are some pretty serious OBD2 codes that you can get in a car, but the U0109 will affect your vehicle in an unexpected way. It may not be as dangerous as other codes that affect the powertrain, but it can be equally devastating for your car if not handled on time.
So, our team wanted to give you this complete guide on U0109 code meaning and make sure that you’ve got everything you need to sort out the issue. That’s why we’ll discuss everything about this code starting with the most common causes behind it, and move our way up from there by going over some of the best solutions.
Why you can trust REREV’s OBD2 code advice: Our automotive expert researchers with experienced mechanics undertakes a thorough research methodology to deliver precise insights on OBD codes. Find out more about OBD2 codes research process..
What does the U0109 code mean?
The U0109 code stands for “Lost Communication with Fuel Pump Control Module (FPCM).” This code is usually triggered when the TCM and ECM are unable to communicate with the FPCM, which is responsible for controlling the fuel pump.
When this code is triggered, it can cause a range of symptoms, including engine misfires, reduced engine power, poor fuel efficiency, and difficulty starting the engine. In some cases, the U0109 code may also cause the vehicle to stall or fail to start altogether.
What causes the U0109 code?
While the code U0109 can appear for various reasons, there are some causes that are more frequently reported than others. Here’s a complete list of the common culprits that could be behind the code’s activation in your car:
Faulty wiring or connections
One of the most common causes of the U0109 code is faulty wiring or connections. This can occur when wires become damaged, corroded, or loose, preventing the TCM and ECM from communicating with the FPCM.
Malfunctioning fuel pump control module
Another potential cause of the U0109 code is a malfunctioning FPCM. If the FPCM is not functioning properly, it may not be able to communicate with the TCM and ECM, triggering the U0109 code.
Faulty TCM or ECM
In some cases, the code may be caused by a faulty TCM or ECM. If these modules are not functioning properly, they may not be able to communicate with the FPCM, triggering the code.
Which car models does the U0109 code affect the most?
The U0109 code can affect a range of car models, but it is most commonly found in General Motors (GM) vehicles, including Chevy, GMC, and Cadillac models. This is because these vehicles are equipped with a fuel pump control module that is known to be prone to failure, so here’s a complete list:
- Dodge Grand Caravan: This vehicle model is affected by the code due to its faulty fuel pump control module that is said to last less than expected.
- Chrysler Sebring: Just like the Caravan, the Sebring model is known to experience issues with this code due to a faulty fuel pump.
- Dodge Durango: The lack of communication between the ECM and the FPCM in Durango is responsible for frequent reports of these codes.
How to diagnose the U0109 code
Diagnosing the U0109 code can be a complex process, but there are several diagnostic tools and tests that can be used to identify the issue.
Using an OBD2 scanner
One of the most common diagnostic tools used to diagnose the U0109 code is an OBD-II scanner. This tool can be used to read the code and identify which module is responsible for the communication issue.
Another diagnostic test that can be performed is a visual inspection of the wiring and connections. This can help identify any visible signs of damage or corrosion that may be causing the issue.
A resistance test can also be performed to identify any issues with the wiring. This test involves measuring the resistance of the wires and comparing them to the manufacturer’s specifications.
How to fix the U0109 code
Based on what you’ve discovered during the diagnostic phase, you may be able to find a way to fix the problem with this code by using one of the following solutions:
Repair faulty wiring or connections
If the U0109 code is caused by faulty wiring or connections, the fix may involve repairing or replacing the damaged wires or connections.
Replace the malfunctioning fuel pump control module
If the FPCM is the root cause of the U0109 code, it will need to be replaced. This can be a complex process and may require professional help.
Replace faulty TCM or ECM
The TCM or an ECM may also need to be replaced in case these components are found to be faulty and require resetting or complete replacement. This is the most expensive solution and should only be performed by a qualified mechanic in case you are absolutely certain that a failed module is causing the code.
How to prevent the U0109 code
Preventing the U0109 code from occurring again will depend on the root cause of the issue. Here are some preventative measures that may help:
- Perform routine maintenance
- Checking the fuel pressure
- Making sure that the fuel pump is working
Performing these steps can help you prevent the code from re-appearing once it has been cleared in your vehicle.
The bottom line is – the U0109 code is a complex issue that can cause a range of problems for a vehicle. However, with the right diagnostic tools and tests, the issue can be identified and fixed. By following the proper preventative measures we’ve mentioned in this guide, you can prevent the code from occurring again.
Can I drive my car with U0109?
It is not recommended to drive your car with the U0109 code present. This is because the fuel pump control module plays an important role in ensuring proper fuel delivery to the engine, and a communication failure with this module can cause various performance issues or even prevent the engine from starting.
How is U0109 diagnosed and fixed?
Diagnosis of U0109 typically involves using an OBD-II scanner to retrieve the code and checking for any related codes or symptoms. The mechanic may also perform a visual inspection of the wiring and connections related to the fuel pump control module.
How can I prevent U0109 from happening again?
While there is no guaranteed way to prevent U0109 from happening again, some common tips include practicing regular car maintenance (such as keeping up with oil changes and tune-ups), avoiding water damage to the engine compartment, and avoiding driving over rough terrain that may damage wiring or connections.