P0502 code — how to fix error fast
Equip yourself with insights on the P0502 code to uphold your car's health.
While the P0502 code may not be directly responsible for engine faults, its implications could be devastating for drivers in the long run. If you’ve diagnosed the code without knowing much about the P0502 code meaning, chances are that you are in a place where you wonder about the code and how it affects your car’s powertrain.
Don’t worry – our team is here to help you out when dealing with this code as we wish to tell you everything about the code’s main reasons, ways of pinpointing the issue at hand, and hopefully solving the problem.
Why you can trust REREV’s OBD2 code advice: Our automotive expert researchers with experienced mechanics undertakes a thorough research methodology to deliver precise insights on OBD codes. Find out more about OBD2 codes research process..
What does the P0502 code mean?
The P0502 code is a DTC that appears when the vehicle’s onboard computer detects a malfunction in the speed sensor circuit. The speed sensor is responsible for measuring the vehicle’s speed and sending that information to the computer, which then uses it to control various systems, such as the transmission, cruise control, and ABS.
When the speed sensor circuit malfunctions, it can cause various issues, such as erratic shifting, incorrect speedometer readings, and even vehicle stalling. Therefore, it’s essential to understand the P0502 code and address it promptly.
What causes the P0502 code?
Symptoms that may accompany the P0502 code include the check engine light illuminating, the speedometer not working correctly, the transmission shifting erratically, and the vehicle stalling. All of these symptoms are triggered by specific reasons behind the code, so it’s only natural that you wish to know more about them as a step towards fixing the code:
Faulty speed sensor
The most common cause of the P0502 code is a faulty speed sensor. Over time, the sensor can wear out or become damaged, leading to inaccurate readings or no reading at all.
The wiring that connects the speed sensor to the vehicle’s computer can become damaged or corroded, leading to a malfunction in the circuit.
Failed instrument cluster
In some cases, a failed instrument cluster can trigger the P0502 code, as it may not be able to receive accurate speed readings from the sensor.
A faulty powertrain control module (PCM), which is the vehicle’s onboard computer, can also cause the P0502 code to appear.
Which car models does the P0502 code affect the most?
While the P0502 code can occur in any car model, certain vehicles are more prone to experiencing this issue. These include the following models based on what we could find from our research and NHTSA data records:
- Honda Accord: This car has a record of P0502 code issues since the speed sensor is separate from the wheel speed sensors and this could trigger the code in case the sensor malfunctions.
- Toyota Camry: This car uses the same type of sensor as used by the Accord which also makes it vulnerable to the code.
- Toyota Corolla: Wiring issues are mostly responsible for the code P0502 showing up frequently in Toyota Corolla models.
How to diagnose the P0502 code
Figuring out a way of diagnosing the code P0502 is pretty challenging since every possible cause behind the code could be diagnosed differently. So, we recommend using these methods to inspect the affected systems of your car and find the root cause of the code:
Test the speed sensor
The VSS can be tested using a digital multimeter to measure the resistance of the sensor. If the resistance is outside of the manufacturer’s recommended range, it could indicate a faulty sensor.
Check the wiring
The wiring that connects the VSS to the car’s computer can be checked for continuity using a digital multimeter. Any breaks or damage in the wiring could cause issues with the signal being sent to the computer.
Using an OBD2 tool
A diagnostic scan tool can be used to read and clear codes from the car’s computer, as well as monitor live data from various sensors, including the VSS.
How to fix the P0502 code
Fixing the P0502 code will depend on the underlying cause of the issue. So, once you’ve found out why the code is active in the first place, you can make use of one of the following options:
Replace the VSS
If the speed sensor is faulty, it will need to be replaced. The cost of a new speed sensor can range from $20 to $100, depending on the vehicle’s make and model.
Dealing with damaged wiring
If the wiring is damaged, it will need to be repaired or replaced. The cost of repairing wiring can range from $50 to $200, depending on the extent of the damage.
Replacing the instrument cluster
If the instrument cluster is faulty, it will need to be replaced. The cost of a new instrument cluster can range from $200 to $600, depending on the vehicle’s make and model.
Replacing the PCM
If the PCM is faulty, it will need to be replaced. The cost of a new PCM can range from $200 to $500, depending on the vehicle’s make and model.
How to prevent the P0502 code
To prevent the P0502 code from appearing in the future, regular maintenance is essential. Some preventative measures include:
- Checking the speed sensor and wiring for damage during routine maintenance.
- Replacing the speed sensor if it shows signs of wear or damage.
- Keeping the vehicle’s instrument cluster in good working order.
- Keeping the vehicle’s PCM up to date with the latest software updates.
By regularly maintaining the vehicle, drivers can reduce the risk of experiencing the P0502 code and other DTCs in the future.
In conclusion, the P0502 code is a common issue that can occur in any vehicle. By understanding what causes the code, how to diagnose it, how to fix it, and how to prevent it from happening in the future, you can ensure that the code doesn’t happen again and enjoy a stress-free ride thanks to this guide.
What are the symptoms of the code P0502?
The main symptom of the code P0502 is a malfunctioning speedometer. In addition, there may be issues with the transmission shifting properly, and the check engine light may come on.
Is it safe to drive with the code P0502?
It’s generally safe to drive with the code P0502, but you may experience issues with your car’s speedometer and transmission. It’s best to get the issue diagnosed and repaired as soon as possible to avoid any potential safety hazards.
How is the code P0502 repaired?
The repair for the code P0502 will depend on what is causing the issue. It could involve replacing the VSS or repairing any damaged wiring. A qualified mechanic can diagnose and repair the issue quickly and efficiently.